Osca. (Italy) 1947-1967.
Osca was created by the three Maserati brothers after they sold the Maserati company to the Orsi family.
OSCA was set up in December 1947 by the Maserati brothers Ettore, Ernesto and Bindo (Alfieri sadly passed away in 1932) after they had sold their original company (Maserati) to the Orsi family in 1937 (they remained there for 10 years as consultants). Their aim was to produce small capacity competition cars which they did with considerable success, the first car being an open sports car with cycle-wings, the MT4. With further developments an MT4-2AD (twin-cam) won the 1100cc class in the 1950 Mille Miglia as well as numerous other victories.
They also dabbled in Formula One, with normally-aspirated 4.5-litre cars in 1951 and 1952 but with less success. In 1952 they developed a new 1987cc monoposto to meet the revised GP regs which achieved some podium finishes in 1953.
Some cars also made it to the USA where their greatest success was overall victory in the 1954 Sebring 12 hours, the drivers including Stirling Moss - The car was an MT4 1450.
In the mid-1950s OSCA concentrated on the 1500 class, using a new 1490cc engine, although they also produced the 750S with a 70bhp 750cc twin-cam engine, which scored a class victory at Le Mans in 1958, driven by De Tomaso.
Road cars started to emerge from the factory in 1960, 128 examples of the 1600GT being built until 1963. Bodies were supplied by Touring, Zagato, Fissore, Boneschi and Morelli whilst power came from a twin-cam 1600 four-cylinder unit.
They also worked with Fiat for a time, modifying Fiat 600s, and their engines were used in production Fiats from the late 1950's. The company became part of MV Agusta around 1963 and finally ceased to trade in 1966.
(source: Cars from Italy)
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