1985 Subaru Brat
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The Subaru BRAT (an acronym for Bi-drive Recreational All-terrain Transporter) was a pickup version of the Subaru Leone from the 1970s.
The BRAT was developed directly from the company's four-wheel drive station wagon model and was first introduced as a 1978 model.
Similar in concept to the Chevrolet El Camino and the Ford Ranchero, American versions also had carpeting and welded-in jumpseats in the cargo area that served to reduce import duties.
Although the Brat could fairly be called a truck, the seats in the cargo bed allowed Subaru to designate the BRAT as a passenger car. Passenger cars imported into the US were charged only a 2.5% tariff, compared to 25% charged on trucks.
The BRAT was restyled in 1981 and the jumpseats were discontinued after the 1985 model year. Production continued into 1993 but ceased to be imported to North America in 1987.
It was also known as the Brumby in Australia/New Zealand and the Shifter in the UK. Imports to Europe, Australia, and New Zealand continued until February 1994.
All BRATs had four-wheel drive and the Subaru EA engine. Early models received a 1.6L EA-71 whereas 1981 and later models received a 1.8 L EA-81 engine.
1983 and 1984 models could be purchased with an optional 94 hp (70 kW) turbocharged engine.
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