Uniao Metalo Mecanica
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UMM (Uniao Metalo Mecanica) is a metal works factory and a former Portuguese automobile manufacturer. It was founded in 1977 with the purpose of manufacturing 4wd vehicles for agricultural, industrial and utility applications.

umm logo 1

The UMM four wheel drive design is derived from a prototype created by the French engineering firm Cournil. The entrepreneur's building rights were acquired by the Portuguese company Uni?o Metalo-Mec?nica, part of the Mocar group.

They became known for their reliability, especially when in a Paris-Dakar rally the team was able to finish with all the cars that started. Many UMMs are still in use by utilities in Spain and Portugal and also by the "Guarda Nacional Republicana" (Portuguese Gendarmerie), fire service and military, although the majority of their customers were private individuals. They are also popular in France and Angola.

UMM stopped building cars for private customers in 1993, but kept on taking large orders from military and utility services until 1996. Custom orders are still accepted. The most famous UMM is probably the one who transported Pope John Paul II in one of his visits to Portugal.

The car has been updated in 2000 to take a new 2.1L Turbo Diesel engine. This engine is less noisy and has more torque at low speed. Several fancy options can be ordered from the factory now, including ar conditioning and GPS. It costs about the same as a Land Rover with similar equipment.

umm 4x4 logo

Umm 4x4 logo.

4x4 cournil logo

Cournil logo.

cournil logo

Cournil logo.


Umm emblem from an Alter Turbo.

umm alter turbo

Alter Turbo Intercooler emblem.

umm 4x4 emblem

Umm 4x4 emblem.

umm 490 494 4x4 brochure

Umm 490 and 494 brochure cover. (source: John Lloyd)

cournil 4x4 brochure

Cournil 4x4 brochure. The UMM 4x4 Cournil was launched by the Portuguese UMM car maker in 1977. It was designed by the French engineer, Bernard Cournil. (source: John Lloyd)

Umm Club   Official site.
Umm Forum   Official site.
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THE "1900's" BOOK.
Each decade seems to have its own stylistic language, and this issue showcases logos, ads, cars, companies and products (and their typographical sensibilities) from the early 1900s.

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